historically, AZ4 was parts of a new generation rectifier tubes, following up the famous RGN Series of Telefunken, intended for applications the AZ1 by Philips, could not do. AZ4 is in between 274B and 5U4G.
The smaller AZ1 was the mostly used rectifier tube in Europe, and electrical identical to RGN1064. The more powerful AZ4 is on par with stronger tubes like RGN2004.
AZ4 is an ideal candidate for HiFi applications. It can easily supply a stereo amplifier using a pair of AD1 or 2A3, as done for instance in the Yamamoto A06-03 amplifier.
The base of this tube is an original old Bakelite base, that we remove from NOS tubes.
Guarantee program for first owner.
At EML we have the normal guarantee. In addition to that, the first owner can register the tube within 4 weeks after receival, at the Emission Labs ®website, to participate in the 5 years guarantee program.
- Soft rubber suspended tube base
- Hard metal Construction (Note1)
- Two extra large getters
- Hand blown Glass bulb
- These tubes are shipped in a high quality single box
- Tube printing with real gold (metal), red color is glass burned into the glass
- For AZ4, we apply original bake lite NOS Tube base from 1950
- YAMAMOTO tube sockets or NOS Sockets recommended. New made Chinese sockets are troublesome and not recommended.
Filament Ratings AZ4
Filament Voltage 4 Volt (AC or DC) Tolerance on filament voltage 5% Filament Current Appr 2.3 Ampere
NOT possible simultaneously
IMPORTANT: Please read the notes at the bottom of this data sheet
AC input voltage 300Volts DC output current 200 mA Minimum Copper Resistance of transformer winding Raa. Add two normal resistors in series, if copper resistance is below 2x 60 Ohms. 2x 60 Ohms Maximum First capacitor, connected to Anodes 60uF max
AZ4 Mechanical Data
Size of Glass Bulb
125 x 58 mm
Tube weight: 130 Gram Shipped weight for a single boxed tube: 400 Gram
Max Transformer AC
Max DC output
RGN1064 AZ1 2x 300V 60uF 1.1A 100mA RGN1054 AZ3 2x 350V 12uF 2A 120mA RGN2004 AZ4 2x 300V 60uF 2.3A 200mA RGN4004 AZ50 2x 500V 64uF 3A 250mA
SOME DESIGN NOTES FOR POWER SUPPLIES
Note 1) Good care should be taken when making the design of any DHT rectifier. It must be prevented to have strong current peaks, through the first capacitor, because consequently this flows through the tube anode, and transformer windings as well. The transformer will produce mechanical hum by this, most specially if windings symmetry fails. Also the tube will suffer. For this reason, the first capacitor (C1) should never be larger than stated in this data sheet. The mechanical transformer hum, and also tube current peaks are greatly reduced by smaller capacitor values, and use higher choke values instead. Although higher capacitor values are at lower cost, using lower capacitors and higher chokes values instead, is always more satisfactory in the end. The result will be: Lower transformer hum, less electrical field radiation into the pre-amp, and more lifetime from the rectifier tube. This is why we recommend using largest chokes. From Lundahl, high value chokes are achievable at the same price as HiFi capacitors, like from a Mundorf or Black gate. So we have to go back to the roots, and use high quality, large value chokes, like in the old days of radio design. For best ripple suppression, increase the choke to any value you need, or even use a C-L-C-L-C circuit, as also advised in the historical RCA data sheet.
Note 2) As a rule of thumb, high voltage power supplies are best build with large size chokes, specially at high output current, whereas low voltage power supplies can be build more easily with large capacitors.
Note 3) Windings symmetry is needed with HV transformers to prevent hum. A HV winding with center tap, requires FOUR separated HV windings inside the transformer, which are arranged for the end user as TWO windings which are in series. It is remarkable to see, this is widely unknown today by many transformer manufacturers. Also this is more expensive. So often, they build tube rectifier windings only from two internal windings, and not FOUR windings as needed for tube rectifiers. However we have a tube data sheet here, no transformer construction manual, so we can not explain this in full detail.