Preliminary 12B Data Sheet

Description

2A3 Mesh tube

The 12B tube is in the family of 20A, 20B, 30B. It can be used as a medium gain driver tube, or as an output tube for smaller amplifiers, as well as head phone applications. With the appropriate circuitry (see application note) it can also be used as a line output tube.

High Resolution

Guarantee program for first owner

The first owner can register the tube within 4 weeks after receival, at the Emission Labs ® website, to participate in the 5 years guarantee program, which is additional to the legal obligations of the seller.

Our Guarantee conditions


Register here for the 5years guarantee


Features

  • Very wide Anode Distance for a nice glow picture.
  • Excellent linearity combined with medium gain.

Sound Character of the EML 12B

At smaller signal level, tubes with low gain often develop a sterile sound. Such tubes are not designed for small signal. Better is to use higher gain tubes for small signal, and medium gain tubes as a driver. As a rule of thumb, a tube like 300B requires 60 Volt AC signal on the grid. The gain of the 12B is a factor 12 to 14.5 depending on the load. If choke loaded, the gain will be 14.5. If speaker loaded, the gain will be around 12 to 13.

As a driver tube for 300B, the 12B would typically be operated choke loaded, or transformer loaded, and requires appr 4V AC signal on the grid. This can be achieved conveniently with a step up input transformer with a factor 1 : 3, resulting in an input sensitivity of 1.3 Volt. In this way, there is no more need for a pre amplifier tube, which would be only a source for hum and noise, because signal would be very low. Whereas an input transformer can supply a gain of factor 2...4 cost effective, and virtualy no noise or microphonics, and even prevents cable hum to enter the amplifier via the input.

In case even higher input sensitivity is needed, the 12B can also drive an inter stage transformer with a step up factor of 1:2 with ease.

The lower output resistance makes this tube uncritical in the choice of output transformers, yet keeping the gain around 12....14 depending on the application. This higher gain will develop the typical sound, of tubes like PX25 or RE604, which have a silky and non dominant sound.

A very nice application is also in a head phone amplifier, because relatively low output signal is needed, yet at lowest possible hum, noise and microphonics. Here, the use principle is another. Such amplifiers should be designed for having more amplification as strictly needed, and then the signal level is attenuated on purpose at the output. This attenuation will also attenuate any noise from the tube, making the amplifier very low noise. Yet, even at low signal on the head phone, still the output signal on the 12B is not extremely low, allowing the triode sound to develop. The attenuation is made be the output transformer.

 

 

EML12B Filament Ratings
Filament Voltage
5 Volt DC
Tolerance on filament voltage
Important: See Notes.
+/- 4%
Filament Current
1.3 .. 1.4 A

 

EML12B Maximum Conditions
not possible simultaneously
Anode Voltage
450Volt
Anode Current
60mA
Anode Dissipation Continuous
20Watt

Highest possible Grid to ground resistor, Single Ended.

250kOhm

Highest possible Grid to ground resistor, Push-Pull.

50kOhm

 

EML12B Factory Test conditions
Anode Voltage
390V
Anode Current
40mA
Amplification Factor
13.5
Transconductance
5.6 mA/V
Control Grid Voltage
matched
Transconductance
matched

 

EML12B Electrode Capacity

 

Filament-Gríd
13.5pF
Anode-Grid
12pF
Filament-Anode
8pF
Filament measured with one end
connected, other end open.

 

EML12B Recommended Single Ended operating points.
Other choices are possible.

Anode (V)
vs. Heater

Grid

(V)

vs. Heater

Anode Current (ma) Anode Rp (Ohm)

Load

(Ohm)

Power

Output

Watt)

Power

Output

Watt)

2nd harm.
(dB)
350
             
350
             
350
             
350
             
400
             
400
             
450
             
450
             
450
             
450
             
450
             
450
             
450
             
450
             

Curves of 2A3 tube

EML 12B tube curves

12B Anode Curves Print Version (full size pdf)


Download these curves as PTE file


What is a PTE file?

 

SPICE Parameters

Link here

.

Some recommended Lundahl transformers
Lundahl

For EML12B with Speaker Output, use LL2735B

For Head Phone Applications use LL2765

1:2 Inter stage transformer: LL2746

A good 1:4 input transformer is LL1922

 

 

EML 12B Mechanical Data

Size including Socket
(but excluding pins)

148 x 65 mm

Pin 1: Heater1
Pin 4: Heater2
Pin2: Anode
Pin3: Grid

Weight of one tube:
145 Gram

Shipment weight for pair in gift box:
840 Gram

UX4 Base

 

Notes

  1. Hard-metals can be used in electron tubes, though these are more difficult to use, and more costly than the classical nickel. Hard metal Anodes have a more precise Anode distance, and do not change shape when heated, or at mechanical shock. This ensures reproducible tube parameters, and long term stability. Wolfram grids allow the most precise grid wire distance, because wolfram is an extreme hard metal. Best grid geometry ensures uniformity and linearity of the tube curves.
  2. Individual Test data, such as: Matching Data, Grid Current, Vacuum, Filament Current, etc., are on the Certificate that is on the outside of the tube box. Each tube is numbered from the inside, with a metal Tag
  3. Average Plate Characteristics: Made with the Sofia Curve tracer.
  4. Do not experiment with lower filament voltage, to expect better lifetime. If it was that easy, we would make the tubes like this ourselves. The specified filament voltage is the one for best lifetime.
  5. Gold Plated grids have a few advantages, such as increased bias stability, some protection against accidental overload, and better linearity of tube curves.
  6. Heater voltage is always defined at the tubes pins itself. There may be some voltage drop along the wires, and tube contacts as well. So voltage measured at the tube socket wiring should ideally be 5.1V.